Atopic dermatitis, a form of eczema, is a chronic skin disorder that causes dry, itchy skin and often results in a red rash. It is most common in babies and children, and tends to affect those with a family history of allergies and asthma, although the actual cause is unknown. Atopic dermatitis can affect different areas of the skin, but is most commonly found on the face, neck, arms and legs. It is usually mild and can go away on its own, but may be more severe if it affects a larger area.
Although atopic dermatitis cannot be cured, it can usually be treated and controlled simply through using moisturizing lotions, avoiding harsh soaps and controlling scratching.
A hemangioma is a type of birthmark that appears on the skin as a bright red patch. It is formed by the grouping together of blood vessels underneath the skin. A hemangioma may be present at birth or develop within the first few weeks of life, and can appear nearly anywhere on the body, although are typically found on the face, scalp and neck.
Although many hemagniomas fade significantly over time, some remain visible and may be of cosmetic concern if they are in a prominent location. Treatment may include corticosteroid medications or laser surgery, both of which can stop the growth of or remove hemangiomas.
Hair and Nail Disorders
Treatment for hair and nail disorders depends on the type of disorder and its underlying cause. Many nail disorders can be effectively treated through oral or topical medications to get rid of the infection, while hair disorders can also be treated with medication to stimulate or prevent hair growth. Proper hygiene is also important in treating and preventing both types of disorders.
Facial discoloration is often caused by the development of skin conditions such as melasma or brown spots. Patches of skin on the face darken in color as a result of ultraviolet light exposure, hormones and the aging process. The areas most frequently affected are those that commonly come into contact with the sun and other harsh elements, including the cheeks and forehead.
Recommendations for improving the appearance of facial discoloration typically include the regular use of sunscreen and avoiding sun exposure as much as possible. Birth control pills should be discontinued if hormonal changes due to melasma are the cause. There are also a number of treatment methods that can diminish facial discoloration in most patients. Some of the most successful options for resolving facial discoloration are:
- Bleaching Formulas
- Chemical Peels
- Laser Treatment
- Liquid Nitrogen
Psoriasis cannot be cured but it can be treated successfully, sometimes for months or years at a time and occasionally even permanently. Treatment depends on the type, severity and location of psoriasis. The patient's age, medical history and lifestyle may also have a significant impact on the methods utilized. The most common treatments are topical medications, phototherapy, photochemotherapy (PUVA), and oral or injectable medication (for severe symptoms).
Mild rashes can often be treated with simple home care practices such as avoiding soaps and bathing in warm water. Others may require moisturizing creams, prescription medications or more extensive treatment.
Fungal infections of the skin are caused by microscopic organisms that live on the hair, nails (onychomycosis), mouth (angular cheilitis/oral thrush) and outer skin layers. They are quite common; the fungal infection cutaneous candidiasis, for example, which occurs in warm, moist crevices of the body, is the usual cause of diaper rash and vaginal yeast infections. Fungal infections are most likely to occur in people with diabetes, who are obese, or who take antibiotics or oral contraceptives. They are treatable (sometimes with difficulty) but often recur. Treatments include topical and systemic antifungal medications.